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GSD has been selected by the MS School Boards Assoc.(MSBA) for the Lighthouse School Leader Lantern Award. Receiving the award are Grenada School. Many of the basalts are nepheline normative. The most mafic examples of the C series are uniformly nepheline normative; most, but https://dima.yoga/webcam/page-2020-07-25.php all, of the most mafic M-series basalts are nepheline normative. Nevertheless, Active parent grenada ms does not occur as a precipitating phase, and the evolved andesites are all hypersthene or quartz normative.

Arculus originally click the C and M series as the high-Sr and Active parent grenada ms series, respectively.

At that point, the series are indistinguishable in every respect, including isotopic composition. This is a significant observation and one to which we will return later. Thus, where Woodland et Active parent grenada ms.

Where the major-element compositions of samples in this range are ambiguous as to which series a sample belongs, we have used isotope ratios as additional criteria see below. The melt inclusions analyzed by Bouvier et al.

However, a few of the inclusions have CaO contents well above those seen in M-series lavas, and in some cases above those of the C series, at comparable MgO. However, their Sr contents never reach those of C-series lavas at comparable MgO contents. Our two samples from Isle de Caille fall well within the M-series trend in click figures, and they Active parent grenada ms have M-series isotopic and trace-element characteristics, and we henceforth treat Active parent grenada ms as part of the M series.

Our single analyzed sample from Mayreau is a basaltic andesite. Its most distinctive feature compared to the Union and Grenada samples is low K 2 O. The low major-element total suggests high water content and indeed the hand specimen appears highly altered.

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Figure 10 compares REE patterns of samples analyzed in this study. As Thirlwall et al. This remains true when only the more mafic members of both series are considered. The single Union Island sample we analyzed plots well within the range of the M series.

While LREE-depleted patterns do occur among island-arc volcanic rocks, including some from the northern Lesser Antilles, they are more common among lavas erupted at divergent margins, such as mid-ocean ridges.

Figure 11 illustrates the incompatible trace-element patterns of these samples as well as the xenoliths we Active parent grenada ms. Again, the range of compositions in the C series is relatively narrow compared to that of the M Active parent grenada ms, and the Union sample plots within the range of the M series. The C-series basalts differ from the M series in their strong Sr enrichment as well as in their modest relative depletion in Pb.

Xenoliths have generally lower incompatible-element concentrations Active parent grenada ms exhibit a wide variety of patterns, consistent with an origin as cumulates of variable mineralogy.

All samples exhibit some degree of Ta-Nb depletion, as is typical of island-arc volcanics. In this respect, Active parent grenada ms Mayreau sample differs from mid-ocean ridge basalts but not necessarily from backarc basin basalts. The Sr- and Nd-isotope ratios are shown in Figure All data shown in this and subsequent figures are measured https://dima.yoga/beads/article-12591.php not age corrected. Our new data largely overlap data reported in early studies, although they extend the range of the M series somewhat to more radiogenic Sr and less radiogenic Nd.

In the Discovery Lab, our hands-on science lab, the instruction includes activities, experiments, and the latest advances in technology. Discovery Lab.

Vincent, the next major volcanic island to the north. Notably, all Grenadian andesites and dacites Active parent grenada ms M-series—like isotopic compositions. The two Isle de Caille samples have very similar Sr and Nd isotopic compositions and plot well within the M-series field, as does the single analyzed sample from Union Island.

Xenolith isotopic compositions largely overlap those of the lavas, although compositions do not range to the extreme values seen in some M-series lavas. There is some isotopic disequilibrium between separated groundmass and clinopyroxene in C-series basalt GDA This disequilibrium suggests assimilation or magma mixing during magma evolution, as we discuss in a subsequent section.

Pb-isotope ratios are shown in Figure As discussed in the previous section, the 20 Ma age for the Northern Domes assumed by Thirlwall et al. We have calculated measured, present-day Pb-isotope ratios for their samples and used these in Figure 13 in place of the 20 Ma initial ratios they reported. Our new data fall mostly within the range of previously reported Active parent grenada ms, with the M series having more radiogenic Pb than the C series. Most xenoliths also fall within the M-series range.

Indeed, both Grenada and St. Vincent Pb isotopic compositions are shifted toward the field of Pb isotopic Active parent grenada ms of sediments on the adjacent Atlantic plate Carpentier et al.

Thirlwall et al. The Pb isotopic composition of our Tufton Hall Formation is quite similar to the analyses reported by Thirlwall et al. The Nd isotopic composition continue reading our Tufton Hall sample is significantly less radiogenic than values reported by Thirlwall et al.

Xenoliths are occasionally found in Grenada lavas. With Active parent grenada ms exception of rare peridotites, these are cumulates or metamorphosed cumulates Arculus and Wills, The xenoliths included in this study consist primarily of calcic augite and hornblende with Active parent grenada ms amounts of plagioclase, olivine, and magnetite. Several are notably CaO rich Fig. Isotopic compositions of these xenoliths range from C series—like to M series—like. Some have textures that are more metamorphic than igneous, suggesting complex histories of recrystallization within the arc crust.

Masala Xxxxx Watch Ass hole close up pictures Video Sex Bangol. Simmons MS. About the Teacher. Prior to Holmes CC, Mr. Hill taught choral music, showchoir, and musical theatre for five years at Forest HS and Kosciusko HS, while also performing in community theatre and teaching private voice. In , Mr. Active in professional organizations, Mr. Nikita Lewis Laverna John Kerron Fredrick Avril Henry Alisa Richardson Bonnie Henry Leisha Fleming Jennifer Baptiste Akauah Lewis Hannah Munroe Corwin Campbell Denise Joseph Roxanne Charles Nathalie Vincent Lexane Stanislaus Jennifer Thomas Remond Bubb Melissa Frederick Karen Johnson Eldon Charles Alicia Langaigne Princess Bridgeman Emilina Matthew Melissa Walters Ann Paul The future we want. Bowman, B. Page 8. Culkin, M. Child Development, Epstein, A. Essentials of Active Learning in Preschool: HighScope Educational Research Foundation. Final Evaluative Report. Preschool Child Observation Record. Young children develop in an environment of relationships. Working Paper No. Page 1. Retrieved from http: Accessed at: Lifetime effects: The HighScope Perry Preschool study through age Ypsilanti, MI: HighScope Press. Schweinhart, L. MacArthur Foundation. United Nations. Country programme document Vogler, P. A review of concepts, theory, and practice. The Hague, The Netherlands: Bernard van Leer Foundation. Williams, S. Establishing Curricula in the Caribbean: Worrell, P. Name of School: Have you attended any HighScope specific trainings? How many HighScope trainings sessions have you attended overall? Have you received any additional coaching or assistance in HighScope other than the official training? How often do you apply the coaching support supplied? How often do you use the tools provided in the training? Number of children observed: Name of school: Issue Confidentiality Protocol. You have told us about what is working, now we want to understand what the challenges are? What professional opportunities are available for teachers? What about for Head Teachers and Supervisors? Does this programme affect boys and girls differently? Who determines the enrollment policies for this setting e. If so How do find using PQA? How often? Have you been trained to use it? Positives and challenges of using it? Child Assessment What kinds of records do you keep on the children? To the ministry? We already have some background, but kindly tell us a little about the current efforts government is undertaking to support [universal] preschool education. Now thinking critically, in addition to the human and financial resources that you have invested, what else would be needed to continue the HS on a sustainable basis. What are your dreams and aspirations for HS? Thank you very much for taking the time to fill out this questionnaire. My name is Tristi Nichols and Sarah Boeckmann. We have been hired to understand better how the HighScope programme that you all use for your children is meeting your needs and any other ideas you may wish to share with us today. Confidentiality Clause Provided. Enrollment How did you find out about the HS programme? What influenced your decisions to enroll your child? Expectations — Your Child What were your overall expectations from this programme? What do you think that the benefits of this programme are? Have there been any objections about the relevance of HS? If so, how were objections dealt with? Has HighScopes adapted to the culture of your [X] country? Overall, what can be improved or changed? Newsletters, flyers, mailings. Were these materials helpful or relevant? Please explain. What do you know about the HighScope programme? What do you like about HighScope? What do you dislike about HighScope? Are there additional things you would like to know about HighScope? What observations have you made about children who come to you from HighScope programmes? Do you see differences between students who come to you having done the HighScope program and those who have not? What kind of differences? What records are kept on students at the primary school level? Where is it stored? Is it passed on as children enter a new grade? Is it passed on to the ministry of education? Number of students in your classroom: How often do you apply the coaching support applied? Our age suggests the Tufton Hall must be older than However, the Tufton Hall outcrops examined by Speed et al. Thus, either the Tufton Hall Formation at the southern part of the island is at least 2. Major-element results are listed in Table 2 ; trace-element concentrations and isotope ratios are given in Table 3. Many of the basalts are nepheline normative. The most mafic examples of the C series are uniformly nepheline normative; most, but not all, of the most mafic M-series basalts are nepheline normative. Nevertheless, nepheline does not occur as a precipitating phase, and the evolved andesites are all hypersthene or quartz normative. Arculus originally named the C and M series as the high-Sr and low-Sr series, respectively. At that point, the series are indistinguishable in every respect, including isotopic composition. This is a significant observation and one to which we will return later. Thus, where Woodland et al. Where the major-element compositions of samples in this range are ambiguous as to which series a sample belongs, we have used isotope ratios as additional criteria see below. The melt inclusions analyzed by Bouvier et al. However, a few of the inclusions have CaO contents well above those seen in M-series lavas, and in some cases above those of the C series, at comparable MgO. However, their Sr contents never reach those of C-series lavas at comparable MgO contents. Our two samples from Isle de Caille fall well within the M-series trend in these figures, and they also have M-series isotopic and trace-element characteristics, and we henceforth treat them as part of the M series. Our single analyzed sample from Mayreau is a basaltic andesite. Its most distinctive feature compared to the Union and Grenada samples is low K 2 O. The low major-element total suggests high water content and indeed the hand specimen appears highly altered. Figure 10 compares REE patterns of samples analyzed in this study. As Thirlwall et al. This remains true when only the more mafic members of both series are considered. The single Union Island sample we analyzed plots well within the range of the M series. While LREE-depleted patterns do occur among island-arc volcanic rocks, including some from the northern Lesser Antilles, they are more common among lavas erupted at divergent margins, such as mid-ocean ridges. Figure 11 illustrates the incompatible trace-element patterns of these samples as well as the xenoliths we analyzed. Again, the range of compositions in the C series is relatively narrow compared to that of the M series, and the Union sample plots within the range of the M series. The C-series basalts differ from the M series in their strong Sr enrichment as well as in their modest relative depletion in Pb. Xenoliths have generally lower incompatible-element concentrations and exhibit a wide variety of patterns, consistent with an origin as cumulates of variable mineralogy. All samples exhibit some degree of Ta-Nb depletion, as is typical of island-arc volcanics. In this respect, the Mayreau sample differs from mid-ocean ridge basalts but not necessarily from backarc basin basalts. The Sr- and Nd-isotope ratios are shown in Figure All data shown in this and subsequent figures are measured ratios not age corrected. Our new data largely overlap data reported in early studies, although they extend the range of the M series somewhat to more radiogenic Sr and less radiogenic Nd. Vincent, the next major volcanic island to the north. Notably, all Grenadian andesites and dacites have M-series—like isotopic compositions. The two Isle de Caille samples have very similar Sr and Nd isotopic compositions and plot well within the M-series field, as does the single analyzed sample from Union Island. Xenolith isotopic compositions largely overlap those of the lavas, although compositions do not range to the extreme values seen in some M-series lavas. There is some isotopic disequilibrium between separated groundmass and clinopyroxene in C-series basalt GDA This disequilibrium suggests assimilation or magma mixing during magma evolution, as we discuss in a subsequent section. Pb-isotope ratios are shown in Figure As discussed in the previous section, the 20 Ma age for the Northern Domes assumed by Thirlwall et al. We have calculated measured, present-day Pb-isotope ratios for their samples and used these in Figure 13 in place of the 20 Ma initial ratios they reported. Our new data fall mostly within the range of previously reported data, with the M series having more radiogenic Pb than the C series. Most xenoliths also fall within the M-series range. Indeed, both Grenada and St. Vincent Pb isotopic compositions are shifted toward the field of Pb isotopic compositions of sediments on the adjacent Atlantic plate Carpentier et al. Thirlwall et al. The Pb isotopic composition of our Tufton Hall Formation is quite similar to the analyses reported by Thirlwall et al. The Nd isotopic composition of our Tufton Hall sample is significantly less radiogenic than values reported by Thirlwall et al. Xenoliths are occasionally found in Grenada lavas. With the exception of rare peridotites, these are cumulates or metamorphosed cumulates Arculus and Wills, The xenoliths included in this study consist primarily of calcic augite and hornblende with lesser amounts of plagioclase, olivine, and magnetite. Several are notably CaO rich Fig. Isotopic compositions of these xenoliths range from C series—like to M series—like. Some have textures that are more metamorphic than igneous, suggesting complex histories of recrystallization within the arc crust. Perhaps not surprisingly then, it is difficult to relate their compositions to the magmatic evolution of the lavas. Previously reported K-Ar ages of Union Island lavas range from 3. Our single sample from this area, UNI, is indeed older at 6. According to Speed and Walker , the basement of the Grenadine Platform consists of oceanic crust that was originally part of the Grenada Basin and was uplifted in the late Neogene during the development of the present island arc. They interpret pillow basalts interspersed with Eocene limestones outcropping on Mayreau as part of this oceanic crust. The extended rare-earth pattern Fig. Although the uranium and alkali enrichment are almost certainly at least partly a consequence of alteration, the depletion in Nb and Ta and enrichment in Pb cannot be so explained. These features are characteristic of subduction-related magmas. This combination of MORB-like and island-arc—like geochemistry is characteristic of backarc basin basalts. The composition of this sample would thus support the interpretation that the Grenada Basin developed through backarc spreading, and the Grenadine Platform consists of crust created in this way and subsequently uplifted e. The chemistry of Union Island volcanic rocks is intermediate between that of the C and M series of Grenada. Thus, rather than two distinct magma series, only one of intermediate character is present on Union Island. In addition, differentiated rocks predominate on Union, whereas basalts predominate on Grenada. Partial chemical analyses of additional Union Island samples reported by Thirlwall et al. Differentiated rocks appear to predominate on several other Grenadine islands, including Cannouan, Mystique, and Bequia, but basalts predominate on Carrioacou, judging from data reported by Thirlwall et al. There are too few complete analyses from those islands to comment further on how their compositions compare to those of Union and Grenadian lavas. The basalts are unusual in that they contain megacrysts of paragasitic amphibole Sigurdsson and Shepherd, In addition, both melt-inclusion and whole-rock compositions define a liquid line of descent distinct from that of the M series. Our data are consistent with this: They also tend to have flatter rare-earth patterns than M-series lavas Fig. This is consistent with the general observation that amphibole is not stable in basaltic liquids except at very high water contents and high, lower-crustal pressures e. Huang et al. No systematic, statistically significant temporal variations in composition are observed over time, but the data hint at some possible ones Fig. The main observations to be drawn are that compositions of lavas erupted on Grenada have changed little over the past 6 million years, and eruption of C- and M-series lavas has been interspersed in both time and space. Indeed, both C- and M-series basalts have apparently been erupted from all five major volcanic centers in Grenada identified by Arculus over the past 6 million years. Our two analyzed samples from Isle de Caille fall well within the range of the Grenada M-series compositions. Thus, although strictly part of the Grenadines, these basalts appear to be part of the Grenadian volcanic system. Given that the ages of these flows are likely less than years Turner et al. We have only major-element data for the Eocene dacitic dike crosscutting the Tufton Hall Formation on Grenada. Although dacitic compositions have been observed among backarc basin magmas, they are relatively uncommon. Furthermore, the major-element composition of this sample plots within the compositional trends defined by Neogene magmatism on Grenada. This suggests the dike was produced by island-arc magmatism rather than backarc magmatism, which in turn suggests the southernmost part of the Lesser Antilles island arc has remained fixed on the leading edge of the Caribbean plate because it has moved slowly to the northeast since the Eocene, despite backarc spreading and a westward shift of the arc to the north. Devine previously discussed the evolution of M-series magmas included in our samples; here we focus primarily on the C series. Stamper et al. Simulations beginning with two primitive M-series compositions, GRN15, the sample experimentally studied by Stamper et al. Finally, fractional crystallization alone cannot explain the change in radiogenic-isotope ratios with MgO shown in Figure We observe strong correlations between radiogenic-isotope ratios and MgO in the C series Fig. We agree with Thirlwall and Graham that evolution of C-series magmas cannot be explained by fractional crystallization alone. The isotopic disequilibrium we observe in GDA also cannot be explained by fractional crystallization. However, we argue here that sediment assimilation also fails to explain C-series trends. Several quite strong lines of evidence support this hypothesis. The sedimentary rocks that do outcrop on Grenada, the Tufton Hall Formation, are not an appropriate assimilant, as Thirlwall and Graham and Thirlwall et al. Their isotopic composition is not appropriate Figs. As we pointed out earlier, the C-series and M-series arrays converge at low MgO, and this is true of isotope ratios and trace elements as well as major elements. This seems unlikely to be coincidental and is exactly what would be expected if C-series magmas were mixing with or assimilating evolved M-series material. This possibility is supported by the observation that eruption of C-series and M-series lavas has been thoroughly intermingled in both space and time, indicating both magma series utilize the same crustal plumbing system. It is more difficult to decide whether C-series magmas are mixing with M-series liquids stored in the shallow crust or assimilating their crystallization products. The metamorphic xenoliths we collected and analyzed are amphibolite-facies and pyroxene-hornfels—facies rocks. We interpret them to be crustal intrusive rocks that were contact metamorphosed in the vicinity of crustal magma reservoirs before being carried to the surface by erupting magma. In short, none of the xenoliths analyzed to date has the unique combination of characteristics inferred for bulk assimilants in AFC processes. Based on these observations, we favor simple magma mixing but acknowledge that assimilation of igneous or meta-igneous rocks within the arc crust may also occur, as Reubi et al. Indeed, as Devine and Sigurdsson and Huang et al. We also point out that although magma mixing does not consume energy in the form of latent heat of fusion as assimilation does, crystallization will nonetheless be induced when a basaltic magma mixes with a cooler, more evolved andesitic magma. Thus, fractional crystallization will proceed simultaneously with magma mixing, and the trends produced will in some cases be indistinguishable from those produced by either AFC or fractional crystallization alone. The presence of quartz, which is not a crystallizing phase in these lavas, is certainly evidence of assimilation. Sediment is a clear possibility, although altered silicic igneous rock may be another. These two samples, along with sample A of Thirlwall et al. Assimilation of Tufton Hall Formation rocks cannot explain their isotopic compositions, however, because their Pb and Sr isotope ratios are higher than those of the Tufton Hall. While these lavas have certainly assimilated some crustal material, the nature of that material and its effect on magma composition, particularly radiogenic-isotope ratios, can only be speculated upon. Subsequently, however, Carpentier et al. The radiogenic Pb occurs in black shales deposited during ocean anoxia event OAE3 at 93—96 Ma, and the radiogenic nature results from the relatively U-rich nature of these black shales and its radiogenic decay since deposition. Black shales associated with anoxia event OAE3 occur broadly across the Atlantic on crust of approximately the same age, including crust subducting beneath the southern Lesser Antilles. The age of the Atlantic crust subducting beneath the Lesser Antilles decreases northward, so that this black shale unit does not occur at Site , which drilled into 91 Ma crust. Carpentier et al. We conclude that although some sediment assimilation may occur, its effects are secondary, contributing to magma heterogeneity, and do not explain the principal compositional features of Grenadian magmas. The obvious question then is why does magma mixing or assimilation of igneous crust exert strong control on the evolution of C-series compositions without also affecting the M series? We argue that it does affect the M series but less systematically with less obvious effect. The following observations support this inference: There are only a third as many analyses of C-series 26 as M-series 75 analyses in our database, suggesting the Grenadian crust consists dominantly of M-series material. Furthermore, xenoliths we analyzed have predominately M-series isotopic compositions, and most of the melt inclusions analyzed by Bouvier et al. It could be argued that the melt inclusions are M series only because the host lava is also, but the inclusions display considerable heterogeneity and appear largely unrelated to the host lava. M-series magmas rising through the crust thus most commonly come in contact with M-series residual liquids and crystallization products. For the M-series, the effects of assimilation or mixing with this material would be difficult to distinguish from fractional crystallization alone. In the Discovery Lab, our hands-on science lab, the instruction includes activities, experiments, and the latest advances in technology. Discovery Lab. Grenada Middle School Grades ; Basic, supplementary, and remedial courses enable every student to excel. The walls have been transformed into teaching tools through the use of timelines, sculptures, and paintings in Walls That Teach..

Perhaps not surprisingly then, it is difficult to relate their compositions to the magmatic evolution of the lavas. Previously reported K-Ar ages of Union Island lavas range from 3.

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Our single sample from this area, UNI, is indeed older at 6. According to Speed and Walkerthe basement of the Grenadine Platform consists of oceanic crust that was originally part of the Grenada Basin and was uplifted in the late Neogene during the development of the present island arc. They interpret pillow basalts interspersed with Eocene Active parent grenada ms outcropping on Mayreau as part of this oceanic crust.

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The extended rare-earth pattern Fig. Although the uranium and alkali enrichment are almost certainly at least partly a consequence of alteration, the depletion in Nb and Ta Active parent grenada ms enrichment in Pb cannot be so explained.

These features are characteristic of just click for source magmas. This combination of MORB-like and island-arc—like geochemistry is characteristic of backarc basin basalts.

The composition of this sample would thus support the interpretation that the Grenada Basin developed through backarc spreading, and the Grenadine Platform consists of crust created in this way and subsequently uplifted e. The chemistry of Union Island volcanic rocks is intermediate between that of the C and M series of Grenada. Thus, rather than two distinct magma series, only one of intermediate character is present on Union Island.

In addition, differentiated rocks predominate on Union, whereas basalts predominate on Grenada. Partial chemical analyses of additional Union Island samples reported by Thirlwall et al. Differentiated rocks appear to predominate on several other Grenadine islands, including Cannouan, Mystique, and Bequia, but basalts predominate on Carrioacou, Active parent grenada ms from data reported by Thirlwall et al.

There are too few complete analyses from those islands to comment further on how their compositions compare to those of Union and Grenadian lavas. The basalts are unusual in that they contain megacrysts of paragasitic amphibole Sigurdsson and Shepherd, In addition, both melt-inclusion and whole-rock compositions define a liquid line of descent distinct from that of the M series. Our data are consistent with this: They also tend to have flatter rare-earth patterns Active parent grenada ms M-series lavas Fig.

This is consistent with the general observation that amphibole is not stable in article source liquids except at very high water contents and high, lower-crustal pressures e. Huang et al. No systematic, statistically significant temporal variations in composition are observed over Active parent grenada ms, but the data hint at some possible ones Fig.

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The main observations to be drawn are that compositions of lavas erupted on Grenada have changed little over the past 6 million years, and eruption of C- and M-series lavas Active parent grenada ms been interspersed in both time and space.

Indeed, both C- and M-series basalts have apparently been erupted from all five major volcanic centers in Grenada identified by Arculus over the past 6 million years. Our two analyzed samples from Isle de Caille fall well within the range of the Grenada M-series compositions.

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Thus, although strictly part of the Grenadines, these basalts appear to be part of the Grenadian volcanic system. Given that the ages of these Active parent grenada ms are likely less than years Turner et al. We have only major-element data for the Eocene dacitic dike crosscutting the Tufton Hall Formation on Grenada.

Although dacitic compositions have been observed among backarc basin magmas, they are relatively uncommon. Furthermore, the major-element composition of this sample plots within the compositional trends defined by Neogene magmatism on Grenada.

This suggests the dike was produced by island-arc magmatism rather than backarc magmatism, which in turn suggests the southernmost part of the Lesser Antilles island arc has remained fixed on the leading edge of the Caribbean plate because it has moved slowly to the northeast since the Eocene, despite backarc spreading and a westward shift of the arc to the north.

Devine previously discussed the evolution of M-series magmas included in our samples; here we focus primarily on the C series. Stamper et al. Simulations beginning with two primitive M-series compositions, GRN15, the sample experimentally studied by Stamper et al.

Finally, fractional crystallization alone cannot explain the change in radiogenic-isotope ratios with MgO shown in Figure We observe strong correlations between radiogenic-isotope ratios and MgO in the C series Fig.

We agree with Thirlwall and Graham that evolution of C-series magmas cannot be explained by fractional crystallization alone. The isotopic disequilibrium we Active parent grenada ms in GDA also cannot be explained by fractional crystallization. However, we argue here that sediment assimilation also fails to explain C-series trends.

Several quite Active parent grenada ms lines of evidence support this hypothesis. The sedimentary rocks that do outcrop on Grenada, the Tufton Hall Formation, are not an appropriate assimilant, as Thirlwall and Graham and Thirlwall et al. Their isotopic composition is not appropriate Figs. As we pointed out earlier, the C-series and M-series arrays converge at low Active parent grenada ms, and this is true of isotope ratios and trace elements as well as major elements.

This seems unlikely to be coincidental and is exactly Active parent grenada ms college gay Drunk men be expected if C-series magmas were mixing with or assimilating evolved M-series material.

This possibility is supported by the observation that eruption of C-series and M-series lavas has been thoroughly intermingled in both space and time, indicating both magma series utilize the same crustal plumbing system.

It is more difficult to decide whether C-series magmas are mixing with M-series liquids stored in the shallow crust or assimilating their crystallization products. The metamorphic xenoliths we collected and analyzed are amphibolite-facies and pyroxene-hornfels—facies rocks.

Xxx Perdere Watch Anal fucking is good amateur anal. lupe Video Porno Hollander. Recently, a training session, held in the summer of , included percent of teachers in 23 Materials for the most part included toilet paper, soap etc. The training session included using the KDIs and anecdotes in preparation for using the Checklist, while introducing the Checklist itself. The teacher education background questionnaire reveals that an average of 8. Only 72 percent of teachers reported receiving coaching support. The results in tables 3 and 4 show that the majority of teachers report a daily use of capacity strengthening support and that what they have learned is an integral part of their confidence in teaching. T ABLE 3: T ABLE 4: As noted in table 5, the specific areas where additional training and practice ought to be considered include: Under these circumstances, there is insufficient time to fully engage children as the HighScope Curriculum intends. Interviews with the Ministry of Education, concerning this demographic trend, reveal that this is a change in the population throughout the country. After more inquiry with the senior officials within the Ministry of Education, it was not evident how and when training in the HighScope Curriculum would be delivered to additional, younger teachers. It has been confirmed with the Manitou, Inc. The overall process of generating the data to be fed into the Checklist includes several steps elaborated in this section. How can those tools be 29 improved? Figure 2 shows a teacher engaging in this process. Figures 4 and 5 show examples of how exactly this process takes place. Each KDI is linked to one of the dimensions of school readiness, and each is a statement that identifies an observable 31 child behavior reflecting knowledge and skills in those areas. Figure 6 presents this format. Another teacher listed all of the anecdotes according to the date into one notebook. Two other teachers were not noting the anecdotes in a separated notebook at all. In conclusion, while there appeared to be only a few expressed challenges with this overall process, it is noted that the use of anecdotes to then create a selection of examples to be used to track student developmental progress is moving at a progressive pace, even though it is still at the early stages of implementation. The recommendation from that exercise was to introduce teachers to this topic in conjunction with the special needs education unit within the Ministry of Education. Past efforts in programme evaluation noted include: The areas identified as needing further training included team teaching, taking anecdotal notes on children and using them for planning and child assessment. The assessment of the quality of learning environments in day care centres and preschools in Grenada was conducted by a consultant for the Ministry of Education. However it is equally clear that regular system-wide assessment is not yet in place and that the human and financial resources to put comprehensive systems in place are not currently present. Specifically, there are no systems in place to: These circumstances are indicative of the lack of both human and financial capacity within the ECD Unit to provide the required on-going assessments for institutional improvements and learning. Final 33 Evaluative Report. Ministry of Education, Ministry of Social Development. Quality of the environment in early childhood settings in Grenada Draft Final Report, 18th October As observed from six schools, the Daily Routine seems well integrated into the classroom settings, and the children appear to have adapted to the curriculum. Since , there has been significant progress instituting the HighScope Curriculum with a strong effort in the area of capacity building. As internal records indicate, between and , multiple opportunities for professional development have been provided to all teachers. This Teacher Capacity Building process has been on-going, as the most recent island- wide training session, held in the summer of , included percent of teachers in government-sponsored preschool centres and introduced the Checklist. According the ECD Unit, all teachers are aware of their responsibilities of writing and collecting anecdotal notes and then cataloguing the observed behaviors according to the KDIs. This important step in upgrading the professional skills of teachers is foundational. Such anecdotal notes are the evidence base for preparing child assessments. It was noted that this programme could serve as a way of recruiting younger potential teachers. Using such an opportunity could further support the sustainability of the programme. Eager To Learn: According to interviews with six Kindergarten, Grade 1, and Grade 3 teachers, the transition from preschool to Kindergarten appears to have challenges. Notably, the skills that the HighScope Curriculum intends to build are perceived to be disrespectful. For example, the aim of the programme is for the children to be communicative, accustomed to making independent decisions, and confident. Recertification is required every 3 years to maintain certification status. Second, in five years, no certified HighScope staff person will be working in the Ministry of Education, as all officers will have approached retirement age, and there is no evidence of a succession plan. Under such a situation, the first cohort of children exposed to the HighScope Programme in will be starting High School in , and the officials within the ECD Unit will have missed the opportunity to track and confirm whether the HighScope Curriculum has, in fact, led to positive educational outcomes through rigorous study and assessment. Finally, based on observations, the HighScope teachers appear to require more support to improve their capacity in adult-child interaction and conflict resolution. While this does not present a significant risk to the effective delivery of the programme, only a small effort would be needed to fix this situation. Opportunities for teacher-to-teacher interaction and classrooms observations would be a sufficient remedy. Currently, the observed teacher-child ratio of A higher ratio would effectively diminish the intended benefits of the HighScope Curriculum. The data sources could potentially include: Decision-making could then focus on management, child development assessment, or even programme evaluation such as: There are countless other potential scenarios. All such management-related decisions could be based on a tracking system that could potentially support future planning and save time and resources in the future. Is there any benefit for parents or teachers? What is in it for them? Are there are issues with tracking children? Who hosts the data where does it live? The strategies responding to these critical areas are noted in the table below. T ABLE 6: Information could also be passed on teachers and to these teachers in the form of a report , and this could parents direct the discussion between preschool and kindergarten teachers before the children enter kindergarten. Student privacy should be protected, although there should be an opportunity to intervene in the event that it child abuse has been discovered. For example, teachers would have access to the data for b Privacy their class only. Each level within the system would only have a certain degree of access to the data. The data should be housed in a secure place with limited access forwarded to the appropriate departments c Trust following a specific protocol. The system would be specifically tailored to the needs of the teachers, parents, and Ministry of Education officials. As some background, the analytics system has been used primarily in health care settings in the past, yet any of its features can be translated to an education system. The codes for creating a platform can be customized in what ever way that is most useful. Data Base Plus would need to under go the following stages: Customize the program to meet school's data collection and reporting needs. Each user can customize the program for their specific job responsibilities. Break down the student body by race, gender, age, etc. Use the data in Excel spreadsheets and pivot tables. A solid cohort of teachers has received in-depth HighScope training, and they are effectively implementing the Curriculum. In the schools observed, the daily routine was firmly entrenched, and children and teachers were actively engaged. While these successes are substantial and should be applauded, there are outstanding challenges obstructing the sustainability of the HighScope program in Grenada. They include: These identified gaps represent a major risk and will, if left unaddressed, create challenges for the sustainability and growth of HighScope in Grenada. Recommendation 1: In the short-term, plans should be made proactively to seek funding for digitizing the credible data that is being generated into the Checklist. This tracking system should be in the form of a data analytics which is tailored to the education system and should begin at the preschool level. Such a tracking system could, at a later date, be expanded and built upon to include the subsequent grades, which would be the vehicle through which to: Recommendation 2: Pre-School teachers ought to receive specific training on conveying the purpose and structure of the HighScope programme to parents as soon as possible. Recommendation 3: In turn, such behaviors are viewed as problematic and lacking discipline. To ensure a smoother transition from preschool to kindergarten and grade 1, the Kindergarten and Grade 1 teachers should receive orientation on the structure, purpose and goals of the HighScope Curriculum, possibly considering: Recommendation 4: In the school year, a follow-up system ought to be developed to ensure that Kindergarten teachers systematically receive the results of the Developmental Checklist for each child entering their classroom from preschool. Recommendation 5: In order to accommodate the upcoming demographic surge of retiring teachers, a cohort of new HighScope teachers should begin training on HighScope. Stakeholders have identified the IMANI programme as a potential source of new teachers who may receive this on-the-job training. Recommendation 6: Other elements of the HighScope Curriculum include: T ABLE 7: Planning Time 7. Work Time 8. Snack Time 2. Devotion Time 5. Recall Time 9. Outside Time 6. Small Group Time Team planning time The Learning Environment Each classroom is intended to be safe, flexible, and child oriented. All learning preschool centres should have: Data reported here are means of three or more replicate analyses of each solution performed on different days. Sample chips were prepared using a steel chisel and Plattner mortar and then cleaned ultrasonically in HCl to remove surface contamination. The sample was then taken up in 3 ml 0. After eluting all other ions with 0. Centrifuged solids from the Pb digestion, as well as the washes from the Pb elution, were combined, HCl was added, and the mixture was dried; HClO 4 was added, and the sample was again dried down. The sample was taken up in 2. Lead samples were loaded on degassed rhenium filaments on a bed of silica gel and run in a static collector mode. Strontium samples were loaded in HCl on degassed tungsten filaments on a bed of TaCl 5 and run in the Sector 54 using a procedure with three collector cups. The average of all NBS Sr standards analyzed during this period was 0. The average of Ames Nd standards analyzed during this period was 0. Petrographic observations on the M series were reported in Devine Here we focus on the C series. The strongly porphyritic textures of C-series basalts contrast with the fine-grained textures of M-series basalts. Olivine is always subordinate to cpx in size and abundance in the C series, whereas the reverse is true of primitive members of the M-series rocks. Plagioclase is typically confined to the groundmass in C-series basalts, where it may coexist with magnetite, phlogopite, or other accessory phases, or be rimmed by alkali feldspar. Sector zoning and very fine oscillatory zoning of cpx phenocrysts are common features in C-series basalts, in contrast to clinopyroxenes in basalts of the northern Lesser Antilles Arculus, The pyroxenes of C-series basalts are also apt to be rich in irregularly shaped inclusions filled by zeolite minerals that may be alteration products of what were once glassy melt inclusions. Oxides of the spinel-hercynite solid solution series pleonaste are also included in cpx phenocrysts, as are other rare, exotic oxides. None of these inclusion assemblages is observed in clinopyroxenes from M-series basalts. Ages of Union Island samples are also shown in Figure 2. With the exception of this dike, GDA, which is discussed below, ages range from 6. A number of our Northern Domes samples are older 4. Other than a possible clustering of the oldest ages in the north and south, there is no apparent relationship between age and location, and lavas younger than 1 Ma occur throughout the island. Overall, our results are consistent with the relative young age of the volcanic edifice of Grenada inferred by Speed et al. Figure 7B shows the distribution of ages in time for both Grenada and Union Island the two Isle de Caille samples are included in the distribution with assumed ages of 0. Ages of Grenada samples tend to cluster between 0 and 2 Ma and between 4 and 6 Ma: Significantly, this clustering is true of both the C and the M series, although the paucity of ages between 2 and 4 Ma may represent a preservation or sampling bias. Thus, eruption of C- and M-series lavas shows the same distribution in both space and time Fig. Interestingly, it appears that volcanism may have been most recently active on Union Island just during this period of apparent inactivity on Grenada. The other major period of activity on Union Island was before 5 Ma. The one much older sample, GDA, is a dacite dike that intrudes an outcrop of Tufton Hall Formation at Prickly Point at the southernmost tip of the island. Two analyses of this sample give plateaus corresponding to ages of Speed et al. Berggren and Pearson place the base of zone P16 at ca. Our age suggests the Tufton Hall must be older than However, the Tufton Hall outcrops examined by Speed et al. Thus, either the Tufton Hall Formation at the southern part of the island is at least 2. Major-element results are listed in Table 2 ; trace-element concentrations and isotope ratios are given in Table 3. Many of the basalts are nepheline normative. The most mafic examples of the C series are uniformly nepheline normative; most, but not all, of the most mafic M-series basalts are nepheline normative. Nevertheless, nepheline does not occur as a precipitating phase, and the evolved andesites are all hypersthene or quartz normative. Arculus originally named the C and M series as the high-Sr and low-Sr series, respectively. At that point, the series are indistinguishable in every respect, including isotopic composition. This is a significant observation and one to which we will return later. Thus, where Woodland et al. Where the major-element compositions of samples in this range are ambiguous as to which series a sample belongs, we have used isotope ratios as additional criteria see below. The melt inclusions analyzed by Bouvier et al. However, a few of the inclusions have CaO contents well above those seen in M-series lavas, and in some cases above those of the C series, at comparable MgO. However, their Sr contents never reach those of C-series lavas at comparable MgO contents. Our two samples from Isle de Caille fall well within the M-series trend in these figures, and they also have M-series isotopic and trace-element characteristics, and we henceforth treat them as part of the M series. Our single analyzed sample from Mayreau is a basaltic andesite. Its most distinctive feature compared to the Union and Grenada samples is low K 2 O. The low major-element total suggests high water content and indeed the hand specimen appears highly altered. Figure 10 compares REE patterns of samples analyzed in this study. As Thirlwall et al. This remains true when only the more mafic members of both series are considered. The single Union Island sample we analyzed plots well within the range of the M series. While LREE-depleted patterns do occur among island-arc volcanic rocks, including some from the northern Lesser Antilles, they are more common among lavas erupted at divergent margins, such as mid-ocean ridges. Figure 11 illustrates the incompatible trace-element patterns of these samples as well as the xenoliths we analyzed. Again, the range of compositions in the C series is relatively narrow compared to that of the M series, and the Union sample plots within the range of the M series. The C-series basalts differ from the M series in their strong Sr enrichment as well as in their modest relative depletion in Pb. Xenoliths have generally lower incompatible-element concentrations and exhibit a wide variety of patterns, consistent with an origin as cumulates of variable mineralogy. All samples exhibit some degree of Ta-Nb depletion, as is typical of island-arc volcanics. In this respect, the Mayreau sample differs from mid-ocean ridge basalts but not necessarily from backarc basin basalts. The Sr- and Nd-isotope ratios are shown in Figure All data shown in this and subsequent figures are measured ratios not age corrected. Our new data largely overlap data reported in early studies, although they extend the range of the M series somewhat to more radiogenic Sr and less radiogenic Nd. Vincent, the next major volcanic island to the north. Notably, all Grenadian andesites and dacites have M-series—like isotopic compositions. The two Isle de Caille samples have very similar Sr and Nd isotopic compositions and plot well within the M-series field, as does the single analyzed sample from Union Island. Xenolith isotopic compositions largely overlap those of the lavas, although compositions do not range to the extreme values seen in some M-series lavas. There is some isotopic disequilibrium between separated groundmass and clinopyroxene in C-series basalt GDA This disequilibrium suggests assimilation or magma mixing during magma evolution, as we discuss in a subsequent section. Pb-isotope ratios are shown in Figure As discussed in the previous section, the 20 Ma age for the Northern Domes assumed by Thirlwall et al. We have calculated measured, present-day Pb-isotope ratios for their samples and used these in Figure 13 in place of the 20 Ma initial ratios they reported. Our new data fall mostly within the range of previously reported data, with the M series having more radiogenic Pb than the C series. Most xenoliths also fall within the M-series range. Indeed, both Grenada and St. Vincent Pb isotopic compositions are shifted toward the field of Pb isotopic compositions of sediments on the adjacent Atlantic plate Carpentier et al. Thirlwall et al. The Pb isotopic composition of our Tufton Hall Formation is quite similar to the analyses reported by Thirlwall et al. The Nd isotopic composition of our Tufton Hall sample is significantly less radiogenic than values reported by Thirlwall et al. Xenoliths are occasionally found in Grenada lavas. With the exception of rare peridotites, these are cumulates or metamorphosed cumulates Arculus and Wills, The xenoliths included in this study consist primarily of calcic augite and hornblende with lesser amounts of plagioclase, olivine, and magnetite. Several are notably CaO rich Fig. Isotopic compositions of these xenoliths range from C series—like to M series—like. Some have textures that are more metamorphic than igneous, suggesting complex histories of recrystallization within the arc crust. Perhaps not surprisingly then, it is difficult to relate their compositions to the magmatic evolution of the lavas. Previously reported K-Ar ages of Union Island lavas range from 3. Our single sample from this area, UNI, is indeed older at 6. According to Speed and Walker , the basement of the Grenadine Platform consists of oceanic crust that was originally part of the Grenada Basin and was uplifted in the late Neogene during the development of the present island arc. They interpret pillow basalts interspersed with Eocene limestones outcropping on Mayreau as part of this oceanic crust. The extended rare-earth pattern Fig. Although the uranium and alkali enrichment are almost certainly at least partly a consequence of alteration, the depletion in Nb and Ta and enrichment in Pb cannot be so explained. These features are characteristic of subduction-related magmas. This combination of MORB-like and island-arc—like geochemistry is characteristic of backarc basin basalts. The composition of this sample would thus support the interpretation that the Grenada Basin developed through backarc spreading, and the Grenadine Platform consists of crust created in this way and subsequently uplifted e. The chemistry of Union Island volcanic rocks is intermediate between that of the C and M series of Grenada. Thus, rather than two distinct magma series, only one of intermediate character is present on Union Island. In addition, differentiated rocks predominate on Union, whereas basalts predominate on Grenada. Partial chemical analyses of additional Union Island samples reported by Thirlwall et al. Differentiated rocks appear to predominate on several other Grenadine islands, including Cannouan, Mystique, and Bequia, but basalts predominate on Carrioacou, judging from data reported by Thirlwall et al. There are too few complete analyses from those islands to comment further on how their compositions compare to those of Union and Grenadian lavas. The basalts are unusual in that they contain megacrysts of paragasitic amphibole Sigurdsson and Shepherd, In addition, both melt-inclusion and whole-rock compositions define a liquid line of descent distinct from that of the M series. Our data are consistent with this: They also tend to have flatter rare-earth patterns than M-series lavas Fig. This is consistent with the general observation that amphibole is not stable in basaltic liquids except at very high water contents and high, lower-crustal pressures e. Huang et al. No systematic, statistically significant temporal variations in composition are observed over time, but the data hint at some possible ones Fig. The main observations to be drawn are that compositions of lavas erupted on Grenada have changed little over the past 6 million years, and eruption of C- and M-series lavas has been interspersed in both time and space. Indeed, both C- and M-series basalts have apparently been erupted from all five major volcanic centers in Grenada identified by Arculus over the past 6 million years. Our two analyzed samples from Isle de Caille fall well within the range of the Grenada M-series compositions. Thus, although strictly part of the Grenadines, these basalts appear to be part of the Grenadian volcanic system. Given that the ages of these flows are likely less than years Turner et al. We have only major-element data for the Eocene dacitic dike crosscutting the Tufton Hall Formation on Grenada. Although dacitic compositions have been observed among backarc basin magmas, they are relatively uncommon. Furthermore, the major-element composition of this sample plots within the compositional trends defined by Neogene magmatism on Grenada. This suggests the dike was produced by island-arc magmatism rather than backarc magmatism, which in turn suggests the southernmost part of the Lesser Antilles island arc has remained fixed on the leading edge of the Caribbean plate because it has moved slowly to the northeast since the Eocene, despite backarc spreading and a westward shift of the arc to the north. Devine previously discussed the evolution of M-series magmas included in our samples; here we focus primarily on the C series. Stamper et al. Simulations beginning with two primitive M-series compositions, GRN15, the sample experimentally studied by Stamper et al. Finally, fractional crystallization alone cannot explain the change in radiogenic-isotope ratios with MgO shown in Figure We observe strong correlations between radiogenic-isotope ratios and MgO in the C series Fig. We agree with Thirlwall and Graham that evolution of C-series magmas cannot be explained by fractional crystallization alone. The isotopic disequilibrium we observe in GDA also cannot be explained by fractional crystallization. District Home. Select a School Select a School. Sign In. Search Our Site. Shirley D. Mission Statement Grenada School District is dedicated to excellence so that each child reaches their maximum potential within a safe learning environment while providing a comprehensive educational program that fosters the academic, physical, social, and emotional growth of all students. Vision Statement Education, Training, Dreams. Accessibility We are committed to making our website accessible to all visitors, including those with disabilities. This was Grenada's third year to compete in the Championship..

We interpret them to be crustal intrusive rocks that were contact metamorphosed in the vicinity of crustal magma reservoirs before being carried to the surface by erupting magma. In short, none of the xenoliths analyzed to date has the Active parent grenada ms combination of characteristics inferred for bulk assimilants in AFC processes.

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Based on these observations, we favor simple magma mixing but acknowledge that assimilation of igneous or meta-igneous rocks within the arc crust may also occur, as Reubi et al. Active parent grenada ms, as Devine and Sigurdsson and Huang et Active parent grenada ms. We also point out that although magma mixing does not consume energy in the form of latent heat of fusion as assimilation does, crystallization will nonetheless be induced when a basaltic magma mixes with a cooler, more evolved andesitic magma.

Thus, fractional crystallization will proceed simultaneously with magma mixing, and the trends produced will in some cases be indistinguishable from those produced by click AFC or fractional crystallization alone.

The presence of quartz, which is not a crystallizing phase in these lavas, is certainly evidence of assimilation.

Sediment Active parent grenada ms a clear possibility, although altered silicic igneous rock may be another. These two samples, along with sample A of Thirlwall et al.

Assimilation of Tufton Hall Formation rocks cannot explain their isotopic compositions, however, because their Pb and Sr isotope ratios are higher than those of the Tufton Hall. While these lavas have certainly assimilated some crustal material, the nature of that material and its effect on magma composition, particularly radiogenic-isotope ratios, can only be speculated upon.

Subsequently, however, Carpentier et al. The radiogenic Pb occurs in black shales deposited during ocean anoxia event OAE3 at 93—96 Active parent grenada ms, and the radiogenic nature results from the relatively U-rich nature of these black shales and its radiogenic decay since deposition.

Black shales associated with anoxia event OAE3 occur broadly across the Atlantic on crust of approximately the same age, including crust subducting beneath the southern Lesser Antilles.

The age of the Atlantic crust subducting beneath the Lesser Antilles decreases northward, so that this black shale unit does not occur at Sitewhich drilled into 91 Ma crust. Carpentier et al. We Active parent grenada ms that although some sediment assimilation live webcam amateur sex occur, its effects are secondary, contributing to magma heterogeneity, and do Active parent grenada ms explain the principal compositional features of Grenadian magmas.

The obvious question then is why does magma mixing or assimilation of igneous crust exert strong control on the evolution of C-series compositions without also affecting the M series? Source argue that it does affect the M series but less systematically with less obvious effect. The following observations support this inference: There are only a third as many analyses of C-series 26 as M-series 75 analyses in our database, suggesting the Grenadian crust consists dominantly of M-series material.

Furthermore, xenoliths we analyzed have predominately M-series isotopic compositions, and most of the melt inclusions analyzed by Sissy sissy slave et al. It could be argued that the melt inclusions are M series Active parent grenada ms because the host lava is also, but the inclusions display considerable heterogeneity and appear largely unrelated to the host lava.

M-series magmas rising through the crust thus most commonly come in contact with M-series residual liquids and crystallization products. For the M-series, the effects of assimilation or mixing with this material would be difficult to distinguish from fractional crystallization alone.

Second, M-series compositions are Active parent grenada ms more heterogeneous than C-series compositions in major and trace elements and isotopic compositions, and Thirlwall et al. We suggest that this M-series heterogeneity in part reflects occasional mixing with C-series magmas. Beyond that, the M-series heterogeneity makes assimilation or mixing more difficult to recognize.

The relatively primitive MgO-rich magmas have likely risen rapidly through the crust some contain peridotite and harzburgite xenoliths with relatively little opportunity for mixing or assimilation. Recertification is required every 3 years to maintain certification status. Second, in five years, no certified HighScope staff person will be working in the Ministry of Education, as all officers will have approached retirement age, and there is no evidence of a succession plan.

Under such a situation, the first cohort of children exposed to the HighScope Programme in will be starting High School inand the officials within the ECD Unit will have Active parent grenada ms the opportunity to track and confirm whether the HighScope Curriculum has, in fact, led to positive educational outcomes through rigorous study and assessment. Finally, based on observations, the HighScope teachers appear to require more support to improve their capacity in adult-child interaction and conflict resolution.

While this does not present a significant risk to the effective delivery of the programme, only a small effort would be needed to fix this situation. Opportunities for teacher-to-teacher interaction and classrooms observations would be a sufficient remedy. Currently, the observed teacher-child ratio of A higher ratio would effectively diminish the intended benefits of the HighScope Curriculum.

The data sources could potentially include: Decision-making could then focus on management, child development assessment, or even programme evaluation such as: There are countless other potential scenarios. All such management-related decisions could be based on a tracking system that could potentially support future planning and save time and resources in the future. Is there any benefit for parents or teachers? What is in it for them? Are there are issues with tracking children?

Who hosts the data where Active parent grenada ms it live? The strategies responding to these critical areas are noted in the table below.

T ABLE 6: Active parent grenada ms could also be passed on teachers and to these teachers in the form of a reportand this could parents direct the discussion between preschool and kindergarten teachers before the children enter kindergarten.

Korea Sexu Watch Sexy desi fucking video Video Cumshot pantyhose. Notably, the skills that the HighScope Curriculum intends to build are perceived to be disrespectful. For example, the aim of the programme is for the children to be communicative, accustomed to making independent decisions, and confident. Recertification is required every 3 years to maintain certification status. Second, in five years, no certified HighScope staff person will be working in the Ministry of Education, as all officers will have approached retirement age, and there is no evidence of a succession plan. Under such a situation, the first cohort of children exposed to the HighScope Programme in will be starting High School in , and the officials within the ECD Unit will have missed the opportunity to track and confirm whether the HighScope Curriculum has, in fact, led to positive educational outcomes through rigorous study and assessment. Finally, based on observations, the HighScope teachers appear to require more support to improve their capacity in adult-child interaction and conflict resolution. While this does not present a significant risk to the effective delivery of the programme, only a small effort would be needed to fix this situation. Opportunities for teacher-to-teacher interaction and classrooms observations would be a sufficient remedy. Currently, the observed teacher-child ratio of A higher ratio would effectively diminish the intended benefits of the HighScope Curriculum. The data sources could potentially include: Decision-making could then focus on management, child development assessment, or even programme evaluation such as: There are countless other potential scenarios. All such management-related decisions could be based on a tracking system that could potentially support future planning and save time and resources in the future. Is there any benefit for parents or teachers? What is in it for them? Are there are issues with tracking children? Who hosts the data where does it live? The strategies responding to these critical areas are noted in the table below. T ABLE 6: Information could also be passed on teachers and to these teachers in the form of a report , and this could parents direct the discussion between preschool and kindergarten teachers before the children enter kindergarten. Student privacy should be protected, although there should be an opportunity to intervene in the event that it child abuse has been discovered. For example, teachers would have access to the data for b Privacy their class only. Each level within the system would only have a certain degree of access to the data. The data should be housed in a secure place with limited access forwarded to the appropriate departments c Trust following a specific protocol. The system would be specifically tailored to the needs of the teachers, parents, and Ministry of Education officials. As some background, the analytics system has been used primarily in health care settings in the past, yet any of its features can be translated to an education system. The codes for creating a platform can be customized in what ever way that is most useful. Data Base Plus would need to under go the following stages: Customize the program to meet school's data collection and reporting needs. Each user can customize the program for their specific job responsibilities. Break down the student body by race, gender, age, etc. Use the data in Excel spreadsheets and pivot tables. A solid cohort of teachers has received in-depth HighScope training, and they are effectively implementing the Curriculum. In the schools observed, the daily routine was firmly entrenched, and children and teachers were actively engaged. While these successes are substantial and should be applauded, there are outstanding challenges obstructing the sustainability of the HighScope program in Grenada. They include: These identified gaps represent a major risk and will, if left unaddressed, create challenges for the sustainability and growth of HighScope in Grenada. Recommendation 1: In the short-term, plans should be made proactively to seek funding for digitizing the credible data that is being generated into the Checklist. This tracking system should be in the form of a data analytics which is tailored to the education system and should begin at the preschool level. Such a tracking system could, at a later date, be expanded and built upon to include the subsequent grades, which would be the vehicle through which to: Recommendation 2: Pre-School teachers ought to receive specific training on conveying the purpose and structure of the HighScope programme to parents as soon as possible. Recommendation 3: In turn, such behaviors are viewed as problematic and lacking discipline. To ensure a smoother transition from preschool to kindergarten and grade 1, the Kindergarten and Grade 1 teachers should receive orientation on the structure, purpose and goals of the HighScope Curriculum, possibly considering: Recommendation 4: In the school year, a follow-up system ought to be developed to ensure that Kindergarten teachers systematically receive the results of the Developmental Checklist for each child entering their classroom from preschool. Recommendation 5: In order to accommodate the upcoming demographic surge of retiring teachers, a cohort of new HighScope teachers should begin training on HighScope. Stakeholders have identified the IMANI programme as a potential source of new teachers who may receive this on-the-job training. Recommendation 6: Other elements of the HighScope Curriculum include: T ABLE 7: Planning Time 7. Work Time 8. Snack Time 2. Devotion Time 5. Recall Time 9. Outside Time 6. Small Group Time Team planning time The Learning Environment Each classroom is intended to be safe, flexible, and child oriented. All learning preschool centres should have: Support for Parents Ideally, parents and teachers are supposed to learn from one another and become partners in promoting children's growth and development. This situation was not consistently observed during the data collection mission. Ruth Rouse, Permanent Secretary for Education 2. Elvis Morian, Chief Education Officer 3. Carla St. Joan Moore, Springs PrePrimary 3. Kathinice Frank, Springs PrePrimary 4. Anthia Bubb, Head Teacher, St. Ophilomena Charles, St. Maria Charles, Head Teacher, St. Wendy-Ann Vincent, St. Jessril Welsh, St. Fabianne Lalite, Head Teacher, St. Karen Celestine, Kindergarten Teacher at St. Shaddel Lewis, Kindergarten Teacher at St. Jean Mitchell, Grade 1 Teacher at St. Patsy Philip, Kindergarten Teacher at St. Glenda Adonis, Grade 1 Teacher at St. Barbara Dale Lessey, Grade 2 at St. Lewis, Principal at St. Sylvia Griffiths Chevonne Fletcher 2. Shevon Bubb Wendall Hypolite 3. Stephanie Prince Kenisha Paul 4. Randy Frank Kelly Victor 5. Shorna Frank Kenrick Hazard 6. Ophelia Sylvester Kino Telesford 7. Burlyn Smart Keranda Dinnah Tamara Rodrique 8. Timon Antoine Abigail Frederick 9. Nikita Lewis Laverna John Kerron Fredrick Avril Henry Alisa Richardson Grenada Middle School Grades ; Basic, supplementary, and remedial courses enable every student to excel. The walls have been transformed into teaching tools through the use of timelines, sculptures, and paintings in Walls That Teach. Walls That Teach. Grenada High Grades ; General, pre-college, and technological needs are met with a broad range of concentrated instruction in preparation for the global world. The petrology and geochemistry of Grenada, the southernmost volcanic island of the Lesser Antilles island arc Fig. First, many lavas are strongly incompatible-element enriched and have among the most radiogenic Sr and Pb and unradiogenic Nd- and Hf-isotope ratios of all intra-oceanic island-arc volcanics IAV Hawkesworth and Powell, ; Thirlwall and Graham, ; Thirlwall et al. Second, the suite includes highly magnesian, primitive basalts, some of which contain peridotite xenoliths Arculus, , which are also unusual in an island-arc setting. Third, two distinct magma series occur. They were originally identified as a low-Sr and high-Sr series by Arculus and subsequently named the M and C series by Graham and Thirlwall and Graham The M series is distinguished by an abundance of olivine microphenocrysts in the more mafic members, while the C series is ankaramatic, with abundant large clinopyroxene phenocrysts in the more mafic lavas and is notably enriched in calcium and strontium. The two series are also distinguishable, at least in the more mafic examples, by their Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic compositions Hawkesworth and Powell, ; Thirlwall and Graham, ; Thirlwall et al. Fourth, many of the more mafic members of both the C and M series are nepheline-normative alkali basalts, some strongly so Arculus, ; Sigurdsson et al. Both series nevertheless evolve to quartz-normative andesitic and dacitic compositions more typical of IAV. Controversy surrounds the interpretation of several aspects of Grenadian volcanism. First, how old is the island? Potassium-argon ages from Grenada reported by Briden et al. However, Speed et al. On the other hand, Thirlwall and Graham found correlations between isotope ratios and major elements in Grenadian lavas that suggested sediment assimilation accompanied fractional crystallization. Subsequently, Thirlwall et al. Although Thirlwall et al. Third, Thirlwall et al. In contrast, Stamper et al. The questions raised in these controversies are central to our understanding of subduction-related volcanism, particularly in the Lesser Antilles. If Grenada is actually 20 million years old, it implies quite low magma production rates; younger ages would imply higher magma production rates. Subducted sediments are widely believed to be an important contributor to island-arc magma sources e. Lesser Antilles crust is more similar to continental crust both compositionally and seismically than most arcs Gazel et al. If sediment assimilation rather than sediment subduction accounts for the isotopic compositions of Lesser Antilles magmas, paradigms about subduction zone processes and their role in crust-mantle evolution must be re-examined. And can fractional crystallization alone account for composition as distinct as those of the C and M series? If not, why do such distinct magma compositions appear on Grenada? Additional key questions relate to the Grenadines, a series of low-lying islands located between Grenada and the next major island to the north, St. Vincent Fig. What is the nature of volcanism and its timing? Are the magmas similar to those in Grenada or similar to more typical island-arc volcanism occurring on St. Vincent to the north? Do the basalts of Mayreau Island Fig. To address these and related questions, we undertook a major geochronological and geochemical study of Grenada and some of the Grenadine Islands. Our results show that the exposed volcanic edifice on Grenada is young, mostly less than 6 million years old. In contrast to earlier work, we find that magma mixing, possibly combined with assimilation of the igneous rocks in the arc crust rather than sediment assimilation, explains correlations between trace elements, major elements, and isotope ratios. Grenada consists mainly of basaltic volcanic rocks, although andesite and rare dacites are also present. As noted earlier, these can be divided into two quite distinct magma series, the M series and the less common C series. M-series basalt lava flows are not notably vesicle rich, but the textures of M-series basaltic blocks produced by recent explosive eruptions are scoriaceous, suggesting the magmas are water rich. C-series lava flows are only rarely observed. Turbiditic and hemipelagic sedimentary rocks, the Tufton Hall Formation, also outcrop in several localities in Grenada Fig. These rocks are of Eocene age based on the foraminiferal fauna Speed et al. Although potassium-argon ages from Grenada reported by Briden et al. The Grenadines are a series of low-lying islands between Grenada and the next major volcanic island to the north, St. The islands consist primarily of Neogene subduction-related basalts and andesites but also have outcrops of Oligocene and Eocene sedimentary and magmatic rocks. Some of the oldest rocks are found on Mayreau Island, which is located roughly half way between Grenada and St. Vincent and offset somewhat to the west of the main arc and neighboring Grenadines. These include pillow basalts overlain by Eocene pelagic limestones that are overlain and intruded by Neogene volcanics. On the bases of major- and minor-element and rare-earth compositions of whole rocks and of clinopyroxene phenocryst compositions, Speed and Walker interpreted the pillow basalts as having been produced by middle Eocene backarc spreading. According to Speed et al. It is upon this backarc crust that the Neogene arc volcanics of Grenada and the Grenadines were later erupted. The trace-element data upon which Speed and Walker based this interpretation, were, however, obtained by atomic emission spectrometry and X-ray fluorescence XRF , and many key elements were near or below detection limit; therefore, further investigation seems justified. It consists mainly of Neogene volcanic rocks younger than 7 Ma, based on K-Ar dating of Briden et al. However, an outcrop of Eocene sandstone chert and intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks occurs in fault contact with the Neogene volcanics Speed et al. Sample descriptions and locations are listed in Supplemental Table S1 1. Figure 2 shows the locations of the Grenada samples. Large basalt samples were crushed, and groundmass particles were handpicked from the 60— mesh fraction. Care was taken to avoid any phenocrysts of olivine, pyroxene, or plagioclase, but microcrysts of probably mostly plagioclase were certainly present in the analyzed samples. Because of the youth and composition of these samples, a minimum of 48 mg was analyzed, with the mass of most samples in excess of mg Supplemental Table S1 [see footnote 1 ]. Samples were irradiated at the Ford Nuclear Reactor at the University of Michigan in four separate irradiations. Interfering reactions on Ca and K were monitored using a zero-age, high-K synthetic glass and optical-grade CaF 2. The correction factors for each sample are listed in Supplemental Table S1 see footnote 1 along with the daily discrimination and sensitivity of the mass spectrometer. Fluence monitors were heated as single crystals loaded into a copper disc and heated using a 10 W CO 2 laser. Up to five sanidines were analyzed, and the associated J factors were averaged to characterize that location. J factors of unknowns were calculated by interpolation between standards. In all of these samples, analytical uncertainty is much larger than the uncertainty in J. All ages in this report are calculated assuming an age of Unknown samples were step-heated in a double-vacuum resistance furnace. Temperature was monitored by a thermocouple placed in a well on the outside of the Mo crucible. Because of the large size and potential complications coming from fluid inclusions, zeolites, or other sources of water and CO 2 , these samples were gettered using a SAES GP50 getter for seconds. Argon evolved from both standards and unknowns was analyzed on a MAP rare-gas mass spectrometer in static mode using the electron multiplier. Five cycles of the five Ar isotopes were analyzed, and the value of each nuclide was determined by extrapolation back to time zero. Uncertainty in the age reported in Table 1 includes propagation of all uncertainties of time zero extrapolation, J factor, and correction factors not shown in the table. For analysts interested in the problems of dating low-K young basalts, we note that in early attempts at dating Grenadian basalts, we sent only 40 mg of material to the reactor and we gettered for only seconds; these attempts did not yield satisfactory results. Major elements for many of the samples with designations beginning with GDA or KEJ analyzed in this study were previously reported by Devine or Devine and Sigurdsson As pointed out by Thirlwall and Graham , these data have systematic errors, and we have corrected them using correction factors given in Devine Powdered samples were mixed with a lithium tetraborate flux in a 1: These disks were then placed in the XRF spectrometer and analyzed according to the procedures outlined in Coler et al. Judging from analysis of U. Samples were powdered in a boron carbide mortar and pestle, and mg portions were digested in 3 ml HF and 6 ml HNO 3 in cleaned Teflon Savillex capsules. This solution was introduced into the ICP-MS, and elemental abundances were determined by scanning several mass ranges e. This procedure uses data from identical solutions interspersed with the unknown samples at regular intervals within a batch to calculate a nonlinear function that represents spectrometer drift with time. Data reported here are means of three or more replicate analyses of each solution performed on different days. Sample chips were prepared using a steel chisel and Plattner mortar and then cleaned ultrasonically in HCl to remove surface contamination. The sample was then taken up in 3 ml 0. After eluting all other ions with 0. Centrifuged solids from the Pb digestion, as well as the washes from the Pb elution, were combined, HCl was added, and the mixture was dried; HClO 4 was added, and the sample was again dried down. The sample was taken up in 2. Lead samples were loaded on degassed rhenium filaments on a bed of silica gel and run in a static collector mode. Strontium samples were loaded in HCl on degassed tungsten filaments on a bed of TaCl 5 and run in the Sector 54 using a procedure with three collector cups. The average of all NBS Sr standards analyzed during this period was 0. The average of Ames Nd standards analyzed during this period was 0. Petrographic observations on the M series were reported in Devine Here we focus on the C series. The strongly porphyritic textures of C-series basalts contrast with the fine-grained textures of M-series basalts. Olivine is always subordinate to cpx in size and abundance in the C series, whereas the reverse is true of primitive members of the M-series rocks. Plagioclase is typically confined to the groundmass in C-series basalts, where it may coexist with magnetite, phlogopite, or other accessory phases, or be rimmed by alkali feldspar. Sector zoning and very fine oscillatory zoning of cpx phenocrysts are common features in C-series basalts, in contrast to clinopyroxenes in basalts of the northern Lesser Antilles Arculus, The pyroxenes of C-series basalts are also apt to be rich in irregularly shaped inclusions filled by zeolite minerals that may be alteration products of what were once glassy melt inclusions. Oxides of the spinel-hercynite solid solution series pleonaste are also included in cpx phenocrysts, as are other rare, exotic oxides. None of these inclusion assemblages is observed in clinopyroxenes from M-series basalts. Ages of Union Island samples are also shown in Figure 2. With the exception of this dike, GDA, which is discussed below, ages range from 6. A number of our Northern Domes samples are older 4. Other than a possible clustering of the oldest ages in the north and south, there is no apparent relationship between age and location, and lavas younger than 1 Ma occur throughout the island. Overall, our results are consistent with the relative young age of the volcanic edifice of Grenada inferred by Speed et al. Figure 7B shows the distribution of ages in time for both Grenada and Union Island the two Isle de Caille samples are included in the distribution with assumed ages of 0. Ages of Grenada samples tend to cluster between 0 and 2 Ma and between 4 and 6 Ma: Significantly, this clustering is true of both the C and the M series, although the paucity of ages between 2 and 4 Ma may represent a preservation or sampling bias. Thus, eruption of C- and M-series lavas shows the same distribution in both space and time Fig. Interestingly, it appears that volcanism may have been most recently active on Union Island just during this period of apparent inactivity on Grenada. The other major period of activity on Union Island was before 5 Ma. The one much older sample, GDA, is a dacite dike that intrudes an outcrop of Tufton Hall Formation at Prickly Point at the southernmost tip of the island. Two analyses of this sample give plateaus corresponding to ages of Speed et al. Berggren and Pearson place the base of zone P16 at ca. Our age suggests the Tufton Hall must be older than However, the Tufton Hall outcrops examined by Speed et al. Thus, either the Tufton Hall Formation at the southern part of the island is at least 2. Major-element results are listed in Table 2 ; trace-element concentrations and isotope ratios are given in Table 3. Many of the basalts are nepheline normative. The most mafic examples of the C series are uniformly nepheline normative; most, but not all, of the most mafic M-series basalts are nepheline normative. Nevertheless, nepheline does not occur as a precipitating phase, and the evolved andesites are all hypersthene or quartz normative. Arculus originally named the C and M series as the high-Sr and low-Sr series, respectively. At that point, the series are indistinguishable in every respect, including isotopic composition. This is a significant observation and one to which we will return later. Thus, where Woodland et al. Where the major-element compositions of samples in this range are ambiguous as to which series a sample belongs, we have used isotope ratios as additional criteria see below. The melt inclusions analyzed by Bouvier et al. However, a few of the inclusions have CaO contents well above those seen in M-series lavas, and in some cases above those of the C series, at comparable MgO. Simmons Middle School. Joel Hill jhill madison-schools. We are off and running with an exciting and fast-paced Spring Season!! Our singers will learn a wide variety of choral repertoire from both standard accompanied and unaccompanied literature choices, as well as contemporary a cappella music. Students, keep working! 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Student privacy should be protected, although there should be an opportunity to intervene in the event that it child abuse has been discovered. For example, teachers would have access to the data for b Privacy their class only. Each level within the system would only have a certain degree of access to the data. The data should be housed in a secure place with limited access forwarded to the appropriate departments c Trust following a specific protocol.

The system would be specifically tailored to the needs of the teachers, parents, and Ministry of Education officials. As some background, the analytics system has been used primarily in health care settings Active parent grenada ms the past, yet any of its features can be translated to an education system.

The codes for creating a platform can be customized in what ever way that is most useful. Data Base Plus would need to under go the following stages: Customize the program Active parent grenada ms meet school's data collection and reporting needs. Each user can customize the program for their specific job responsibilities.

Break down the student body by race, gender, age, etc. Use the data in Excel spreadsheets and pivot tables. A solid cohort of teachers has received in-depth HighScope training, and they are effectively implementing the Curriculum. In the schools observed, the daily routine was firmly entrenched, and children and teachers were actively engaged. While these successes are substantial and should be applauded, there are outstanding challenges obstructing the sustainability of the HighScope program in Grenada.

They include: More info identified gaps represent a major risk and will, if left unaddressed, create Active parent grenada ms for the sustainability and growth of HighScope in Grenada. Recommendation 1: In the short-term, plans should be made Active parent grenada ms to seek funding for digitizing the credible data that is being generated into the Checklist.

Fastaim Sex Watch Sleeping asslicking lesdien Video Mature pporn. Government of Grenada. Ministry of Education. Volume 1: The Strategic Framework, page 8. Located at: The formative evaluation notes multiple challenges that limit the effective and sustainable delivery of the HighScope Preschool Curriculum. The text box below summarizes the main points. Without a systematic assessment system in place, it is not possible document comprehensively the contributions that the curriculum may have on short, medium or long term outcomes. An important lesson was that the ideal assessment system ought to be flexible, not burdensome, and reasonably priced. Sourced from OECD T ABLE 1: What is the progress made so far, towards achieving the initial planned outputs and outcomes? What do they like or dislike? What do they want to change? What are the teachers and parents saying about the programme? How has the HighScope programme enhanced the capacity of service providers, caregivers, and decision makers to support ECD in Grenada? What capacity gaps still exist, especially for working with children with disabilities? What tools and processes are in place to support the measurement of child developmental progress, particularly for children with disabilities? How can those tools be improved? What capacity gaps exist in monitoring and evaluation? How has the programme increased the knowledge base regarding the effectiveness of ECD interventions in general? Sustainability 1. What are the current strengths and weaknesses design, coordination, management and monitoring of the HighScope Curriculum Reform Programme? What factors support or inhibit sustainability and scale-up of ECD services? How can opportunities for a more equity-focused implementation be maximized? How can general risks minimized? Before elaborating the methodology of the review, it is necessary to understand what is the HighScope Curriculum Reform Programme, including its components elaborated in annex 1. To improve the learning environments and quality of developmental and educational programmes in a total of 13 preschool settings in Antigua and Barbuda, the Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, and St. Kitts and Nevis; 2. The funds concluded at the end of the calendar year. Country programme document , paragraph Basic programme elements are presented in annex 1. In Grenada, observations show that the class size and adult-child ratio has been augmented from the recommended one adult per eight children to one adult per children. Given this change, the Small Group Time engages only half of the children at a time approximately one adult for eight children , while the remaining eight children are invited to engage in free or semi-directed play. This adaptation was developed in order to enhance the teacher-child interaction. Finally, the Devotion Time is also an added segment, which is a culturally adapted element unique to the Caribbean context. Moreover, teachers trained to deliver the HighScope Curriculum are expected to record notes on children's behaviors, experiences, and interests. Based on these careful and objective observations, the teachers can plan experiences that will facilitate children's growth and development. The observation notes are also intended to feed into a formal assessment system detailing each child's development. Prior to the development of the new checklist, there was an existing record used to track child progress at the preschool level. Final Evaluative Report, page 2. There were calls from teachers for a revised checklist, and the data from interviews with teachers indicates that there were instances of teachers going online and making their own revised checklists. As part of the development of the new checklist, the ECD unit conducted a wide range of consultations both within and outside of Grenada. The Checklist was finalized in June of , and in July of , preschool teachers were trained on how to work with this new tool. The Checklist was being distributed and printed during the assessment period and should be present in all schools by the end of October The Checklist can be found in annex 2. Annex 3 has the list of names of all those interviewed. To understand how and how well the HighScope Curriculum is working in Grenada, the review had a mixed methods approach, which includes: The findings presented in this report, are, therefore evidence-based, and the draft report is intended to serve as the platform on which future steps will be taken to effectively institutionalize the child assessment tools. Annex 6 presents the schedule for the Review of the HighScope Curriculum in Grenada, and annex 7 includes some of the main conclusions and recommendations provided by stakeholders. Since the school year had only begun five weeks before the data collection mission, many parents were unable to provide specific details about what they hoped that their children would benefit from the HighScope Curriculum. As a result, an unusually low number of parents only three out of the forty-three interviewed could express in concrete terms the content of the HighScope programme and experiences of working with teachers to provide a better learning environment for their children. The observations and interviews with teachers and parents are limited to six out of a total of 66 government-sponsored preschools. Only a significantly more comprehensive assessment could provide findings with the precise of research levels. Finally, as noted in section 2. T ABLE 2: Internal records indicate that between and , over 57 different training opportunities were provided to teachers, including Teachers in Charge, for professional development in the HighScope Curriculum. During that time, the average number of workshop participants was 23, and the main topics offered were: However, since this data is not recent, as it excludes the efforts undertaken in and for private and public preschools, the most accurate number of training workshops provided is unavailable. It would likely be that over 80 workshops have been delivered, and training continues to be offered to teachers and ECD service providers. The results presented in this section are based on a specific observation tool. The daily routine was well integrated in the schools and classrooms setting observed. The daily routine is designed to help children make choices independently and contribute their own ideas through play, and results suggest that the children are actively engaged in this part of the process. The other key elements of the HighScope Curriculum also present include that the children are: The majority of the observations 75 percent or higher show that the children are involved in all of the key elements noted above. However, in only 58 percent of the observations are there children actively cleaning up their classrooms after work or small group time. This implies that: The implication of this finding is that, if not addressed, then some children may not have the chance to comprehensively learn skills in this area. Observed gaps in effective implementation of the HighScope Curriculum are reviewed in Section 4. Given that this group of students only just started the HighScope Curriculum starting their third week of school , 24 they were not yet aware of all of the components of the Daily Routine. Their comments were that the curriculum: Several teachers also expressed that the daily routine helps them organize themselves for activities and feel more relaxed throughout the day. A few teachers noted the challenge of producing all the required materials for the programme citing the need for self-correcting manipulative toys. There were no expressed areas where the curriculum ought to be changed. However, there was mixed data about the successes and challenges of working with parents. In these cases, the preschool centres were located in St. George, and the parents worked in the urban areas. Overall, parents are satisfied with the curriculum. For example, of the 43 parents interviewed, many noted how independent their child has become since participating in the programme. All interviewed reported having attended a recently hosted parent-teacher association PTA meeting. Parents in all but one of the schools reported having taken part in some type of fundraising activity e. The few parents who knew about the structure of the program and the concept of child directed play were from two urban centres, Spring PrePrimary and St. Johns Street PrePrimary. All parents expressed a desire to learn more about the programme. Section 3. All of the 14 teachers who received a questionnaire also reported receiving training support through workshops, both over the summers and during the school year. Recently, a training session, held in the summer of , included percent of teachers in 23 Materials for the most part included toilet paper, soap etc. The training session included using the KDIs and anecdotes in preparation for using the Checklist, while introducing the Checklist itself. The teacher education background questionnaire reveals that an average of 8. Only 72 percent of teachers reported receiving coaching support. The results in tables 3 and 4 show that the majority of teachers report a daily use of capacity strengthening support and that what they have learned is an integral part of their confidence in teaching. T ABLE 3: T ABLE 4: As noted in table 5, the specific areas where additional training and practice ought to be considered include: Under these circumstances, there is insufficient time to fully engage children as the HighScope Curriculum intends. Interviews with the Ministry of Education, concerning this demographic trend, reveal that this is a change in the population throughout the country. After more inquiry with the senior officials within the Ministry of Education, it was not evident how and when training in the HighScope Curriculum would be delivered to additional, younger teachers. It has been confirmed with the Manitou, Inc. The overall process of generating the data to be fed into the Checklist includes several steps elaborated in this section. How can those tools be 29 improved? Figure 2 shows a teacher engaging in this process. Figures 4 and 5 show examples of how exactly this process takes place. Each KDI is linked to one of the dimensions of school readiness, and each is a statement that identifies an observable 31 child behavior reflecting knowledge and skills in those areas. Figure 6 presents this format. Another teacher listed all of the anecdotes according to the date into one notebook. Two other teachers were not noting the anecdotes in a separated notebook at all. David Daigneault, far right. Federal Programs. Food Service. Grenada Education Center. Grenada magmas are compositionally unusual in several respects compared to other subduction-related magmas. Particularly controversial is the extent to which compositions reflect the presence of subducted sediment in their sources or assimilation of sediment in the arc crust and the relationship between two distinct Grenada magma series, the Sr-rich and ankaramitic C series and olivine-microphyric M series, erupted on the island. Consistent with earlier studies, our data show that the two series are isotopically distinct in their most mafic examples. At least 0. Trace elements and isotope ratios of both series are best modeled by the addition of slab-derived components predominantly through silicate melts, but the addition of hydrous fluids is also required, with the C series requiring a greater fluid component than the M series. This indicates the top of the slab is at or above its solidus beneath Grenada. C-series parental magmas are generated by significantly smaller peridotite melt fractions than M-series parents and may contain a fraction of pyroxenite melt as well. Radiogenic-isotope ratios in C-series basalts correlate significantly with MgO, but oxygen-isotope ratios do not. Instead, these features are readily explained by mixing with evolved M-series magmas stored in the arc crust and, perhaps, assimilation of their crystallization products. Such mixing may also affect M-series magmas, but because M-series magmas constitute three-fourths of Grenada igneous products and because parent M-series magmas are notably more heterogeneous, the effects of this mixing are less obvious. Any assimilation of sediment within the arc crust has at best second-order effects of magma compositions. The geochemistry of a pillow basalt from Mayreau Island is consistent with an earlier interpretation that the Grenadine Platform consists of uplifted oceanic crust formed through Eocene backarc spreading. Union Island consists of supra-subduction andesites and basalts erupted between 6. The petrology and geochemistry of Grenada, the southernmost volcanic island of the Lesser Antilles island arc Fig. First, many lavas are strongly incompatible-element enriched and have among the most radiogenic Sr and Pb and unradiogenic Nd- and Hf-isotope ratios of all intra-oceanic island-arc volcanics IAV Hawkesworth and Powell, ; Thirlwall and Graham, ; Thirlwall et al. Second, the suite includes highly magnesian, primitive basalts, some of which contain peridotite xenoliths Arculus, , which are also unusual in an island-arc setting. Third, two distinct magma series occur. They were originally identified as a low-Sr and high-Sr series by Arculus and subsequently named the M and C series by Graham and Thirlwall and Graham The M series is distinguished by an abundance of olivine microphenocrysts in the more mafic members, while the C series is ankaramatic, with abundant large clinopyroxene phenocrysts in the more mafic lavas and is notably enriched in calcium and strontium. The two series are also distinguishable, at least in the more mafic examples, by their Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic compositions Hawkesworth and Powell, ; Thirlwall and Graham, ; Thirlwall et al. Fourth, many of the more mafic members of both the C and M series are nepheline-normative alkali basalts, some strongly so Arculus, ; Sigurdsson et al. Both series nevertheless evolve to quartz-normative andesitic and dacitic compositions more typical of IAV. Controversy surrounds the interpretation of several aspects of Grenadian volcanism. First, how old is the island? Potassium-argon ages from Grenada reported by Briden et al. However, Speed et al. On the other hand, Thirlwall and Graham found correlations between isotope ratios and major elements in Grenadian lavas that suggested sediment assimilation accompanied fractional crystallization. Subsequently, Thirlwall et al. Although Thirlwall et al. Third, Thirlwall et al. In contrast, Stamper et al. The questions raised in these controversies are central to our understanding of subduction-related volcanism, particularly in the Lesser Antilles. If Grenada is actually 20 million years old, it implies quite low magma production rates; younger ages would imply higher magma production rates. Subducted sediments are widely believed to be an important contributor to island-arc magma sources e. Lesser Antilles crust is more similar to continental crust both compositionally and seismically than most arcs Gazel et al. If sediment assimilation rather than sediment subduction accounts for the isotopic compositions of Lesser Antilles magmas, paradigms about subduction zone processes and their role in crust-mantle evolution must be re-examined. And can fractional crystallization alone account for composition as distinct as those of the C and M series? If not, why do such distinct magma compositions appear on Grenada? Additional key questions relate to the Grenadines, a series of low-lying islands located between Grenada and the next major island to the north, St. Vincent Fig. What is the nature of volcanism and its timing? Are the magmas similar to those in Grenada or similar to more typical island-arc volcanism occurring on St. Vincent to the north? Do the basalts of Mayreau Island Fig. To address these and related questions, we undertook a major geochronological and geochemical study of Grenada and some of the Grenadine Islands. Our results show that the exposed volcanic edifice on Grenada is young, mostly less than 6 million years old. In contrast to earlier work, we find that magma mixing, possibly combined with assimilation of the igneous rocks in the arc crust rather than sediment assimilation, explains correlations between trace elements, major elements, and isotope ratios. Grenada consists mainly of basaltic volcanic rocks, although andesite and rare dacites are also present. As noted earlier, these can be divided into two quite distinct magma series, the M series and the less common C series. M-series basalt lava flows are not notably vesicle rich, but the textures of M-series basaltic blocks produced by recent explosive eruptions are scoriaceous, suggesting the magmas are water rich. C-series lava flows are only rarely observed. Turbiditic and hemipelagic sedimentary rocks, the Tufton Hall Formation, also outcrop in several localities in Grenada Fig. These rocks are of Eocene age based on the foraminiferal fauna Speed et al. Although potassium-argon ages from Grenada reported by Briden et al. The Grenadines are a series of low-lying islands between Grenada and the next major volcanic island to the north, St. The islands consist primarily of Neogene subduction-related basalts and andesites but also have outcrops of Oligocene and Eocene sedimentary and magmatic rocks. Some of the oldest rocks are found on Mayreau Island, which is located roughly half way between Grenada and St. Vincent and offset somewhat to the west of the main arc and neighboring Grenadines. These include pillow basalts overlain by Eocene pelagic limestones that are overlain and intruded by Neogene volcanics. On the bases of major- and minor-element and rare-earth compositions of whole rocks and of clinopyroxene phenocryst compositions, Speed and Walker interpreted the pillow basalts as having been produced by middle Eocene backarc spreading. According to Speed et al. It is upon this backarc crust that the Neogene arc volcanics of Grenada and the Grenadines were later erupted. The trace-element data upon which Speed and Walker based this interpretation, were, however, obtained by atomic emission spectrometry and X-ray fluorescence XRF , and many key elements were near or below detection limit; therefore, further investigation seems justified. It consists mainly of Neogene volcanic rocks younger than 7 Ma, based on K-Ar dating of Briden et al. However, an outcrop of Eocene sandstone chert and intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks occurs in fault contact with the Neogene volcanics Speed et al. Sample descriptions and locations are listed in Supplemental Table S1 1. Figure 2 shows the locations of the Grenada samples. Large basalt samples were crushed, and groundmass particles were handpicked from the 60— mesh fraction. Care was taken to avoid any phenocrysts of olivine, pyroxene, or plagioclase, but microcrysts of probably mostly plagioclase were certainly present in the analyzed samples. Because of the youth and composition of these samples, a minimum of 48 mg was analyzed, with the mass of most samples in excess of mg Supplemental Table S1 [see footnote 1 ]. Samples were irradiated at the Ford Nuclear Reactor at the University of Michigan in four separate irradiations. Interfering reactions on Ca and K were monitored using a zero-age, high-K synthetic glass and optical-grade CaF 2. The correction factors for each sample are listed in Supplemental Table S1 see footnote 1 along with the daily discrimination and sensitivity of the mass spectrometer. Fluence monitors were heated as single crystals loaded into a copper disc and heated using a 10 W CO 2 laser. Up to five sanidines were analyzed, and the associated J factors were averaged to characterize that location. J factors of unknowns were calculated by interpolation between standards. In all of these samples, analytical uncertainty is much larger than the uncertainty in J. All ages in this report are calculated assuming an age of Unknown samples were step-heated in a double-vacuum resistance furnace. Temperature was monitored by a thermocouple placed in a well on the outside of the Mo crucible. Because of the large size and potential complications coming from fluid inclusions, zeolites, or other sources of water and CO 2 , these samples were gettered using a SAES GP50 getter for seconds. Argon evolved from both standards and unknowns was analyzed on a MAP rare-gas mass spectrometer in static mode using the electron multiplier. Five cycles of the five Ar isotopes were analyzed, and the value of each nuclide was determined by extrapolation back to time zero. Uncertainty in the age reported in Table 1 includes propagation of all uncertainties of time zero extrapolation, J factor, and correction factors not shown in the table. For analysts interested in the problems of dating low-K young basalts, we note that in early attempts at dating Grenadian basalts, we sent only 40 mg of material to the reactor and we gettered for only seconds; these attempts did not yield satisfactory results. Major elements for many of the samples with designations beginning with GDA or KEJ analyzed in this study were previously reported by Devine or Devine and Sigurdsson As pointed out by Thirlwall and Graham , these data have systematic errors, and we have corrected them using correction factors given in Devine Powdered samples were mixed with a lithium tetraborate flux in a 1: These disks were then placed in the XRF spectrometer and analyzed according to the procedures outlined in Coler et al. Judging from analysis of U. Samples were powdered in a boron carbide mortar and pestle, and mg portions were digested in 3 ml HF and 6 ml HNO 3 in cleaned Teflon Savillex capsules. This solution was introduced into the ICP-MS, and elemental abundances were determined by scanning several mass ranges e. This procedure uses data from identical solutions interspersed with the unknown samples at regular intervals within a batch to calculate a nonlinear function that represents spectrometer drift with time. Data reported here are means of three or more replicate analyses of each solution performed on different days. Sample chips were prepared using a steel chisel and Plattner mortar and then cleaned ultrasonically in HCl to remove surface contamination. The sample was then taken up in 3 ml 0. After eluting all other ions with 0. Centrifuged solids from the Pb digestion, as well as the washes from the Pb elution, were combined, HCl was added, and the mixture was dried; HClO 4 was added, and the sample was again dried down. The sample was taken up in 2. Lead samples were loaded on degassed rhenium filaments on a bed of silica gel and run in a static collector mode. Strontium samples were loaded in HCl on degassed tungsten filaments on a bed of TaCl 5 and run in the Sector 54 using a procedure with three collector cups. The average of all NBS Sr standards analyzed during this period was 0. The average of Ames Nd standards analyzed during this period was 0. Petrographic observations on the M series were reported in Devine Here we focus on the C series. The strongly porphyritic textures of C-series basalts contrast with the fine-grained textures of M-series basalts. Olivine is always subordinate to cpx in size and abundance in the C series, whereas the reverse is true of primitive members of the M-series rocks. Plagioclase is typically confined to the groundmass in C-series basalts, where it may coexist with magnetite, phlogopite, or other accessory phases, or be rimmed by alkali feldspar. Sector zoning and very fine oscillatory zoning of cpx phenocrysts are common features in C-series basalts, in contrast to clinopyroxenes in basalts of the northern Lesser Antilles Arculus, The pyroxenes of C-series basalts are also apt to be rich in irregularly shaped inclusions filled by zeolite minerals that may be alteration products of what were once glassy melt inclusions. Oxides of the spinel-hercynite solid solution series pleonaste are also included in cpx phenocrysts, as are other rare, exotic oxides. None of these inclusion assemblages is observed in clinopyroxenes from M-series basalts. Ages of Union Island samples are also shown in Figure 2. With the exception of this dike, GDA, which is discussed below, ages range from 6. A number of our Northern Domes samples are older 4. Other than a possible clustering of the oldest ages in the north and south, there is no apparent relationship between age and location, and lavas younger than 1 Ma occur throughout the island. Overall, our results are consistent with the relative young age of the volcanic edifice of Grenada inferred by Speed et al. Figure 7B shows the distribution of ages in time for both Grenada and Union Island the two Isle de Caille samples are included in the distribution with assumed ages of 0. Ages of Grenada samples tend to cluster between 0 and 2 Ma and between 4 and 6 Ma: Significantly, this clustering is true of both the C and the M series, although the paucity of ages between 2 and 4 Ma may represent a preservation or sampling bias. Thus, eruption of C- and M-series lavas shows the same distribution in both space and time Fig. Interestingly, it appears that volcanism may have been most recently active on Union Island just during this period of apparent inactivity on Grenada. The other major period of activity on Union Island was before 5 Ma. The one much older sample, GDA, is a dacite dike that intrudes an outcrop of Tufton Hall Formation at Prickly Point at the southernmost tip of the island. Two analyses of this sample give plateaus corresponding to ages of Speed et al. Berggren and Pearson place the base of zone P16 at ca. Our age suggests the Tufton Hall must be older than Winner is scheduled to be chosen February 8. Simmons MS. About the Teacher. Prior to Holmes CC, Mr. Hill taught choral music, showchoir, and musical theatre for five years at Forest HS and Kosciusko HS, while also performing in community theatre and teaching private voice. In , Mr..

This tracking system should be in the form of a data analytics which is tailored to the education system and should begin at Active parent grenada ms preschool level. Such a tracking system could, at a later date, be expanded and built upon to include the subsequent grades, which would be the vehicle through which to: Recommendation 2: Pre-School teachers ought to receive specific training on conveying the purpose and Active parent grenada ms of the HighScope programme to parents as soon as possible.

Recommendation 3: In turn, such behaviors are viewed as problematic and lacking discipline. To ensure a smoother transition from preschool to kindergarten and grade 1, the Kindergarten and Grade 1 teachers should receive orientation on the structure, purpose and read more of the HighScope Curriculum, possibly considering: Recommendation 4: In the school year, a follow-up system ought to be developed to ensure that Kindergarten teachers systematically receive the results of the Developmental Checklist for each child entering their classroom from preschool.

Recommendation 5: In order to accommodate the upcoming demographic surge of retiring teachers, a Active parent grenada ms of new HighScope teachers should begin training on HighScope. Stakeholders have identified the IMANI programme as a potential source of new teachers who may receive this on-the-job training. Recommendation 6: Other elements Active parent grenada ms the HighScope Curriculum include: T ABLE 7: Planning Time 7.

Work Time 8. Snack Time 2. Devotion Time 5. Recall Time 9. Outside Time 6. Small Group Time Team planning time The Learning Environment Each classroom is intended to be safe, flexible, and child oriented. All learning preschool centres should have: Support for Parents Ideally, parents and teachers are supposed to learn from one another and become partners in promoting children's growth and development.

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This situation was not consistently observed during the data collection mission. Ruth Rouse, Permanent Secretary for Education 2. Elvis Morian, Chief Education Officer 3.

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Carla St. Joan Moore, Springs PrePrimary 3. Kathinice Frank, Springs PrePrimary 4. Active parent grenada ms Bubb, Head Teacher, St. Ophilomena Charles, St. Maria Charles, Head Teacher, St. Wendy-Ann Vincent, St. Jessril Welsh, St. Fabianne Lalite, Head Teacher, St. Karen Celestine, Kindergarten Teacher at St. Shaddel Lewis, Kindergarten Teacher at St. Jean Mitchell, Grade 1 Teacher at St. Patsy Philip, Kindergarten Teacher at St. Glenda Adonis, Grade 1 Teacher at St. Barbara Dale Lessey, Grade 2 at St.

Lewis, Principal at Active parent grenada ms. Sylvia Griffiths Chevonne Fletcher 2.

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Shevon Bubb Wendall Hypolite 3. Stephanie Prince Kenisha Paul 4. Randy Frank Kelly Victor 5. Shorna Frank Kenrick Hazard 6. Ophelia Sylvester Kino Telesford 7. Burlyn Smart Keranda Dinnah Tamara Rodrique 8. Timon Antoine Abigail Frederick 9. Nikita Lewis Laverna John Kerron Fredrick Avril Henry Alisa Richardson Bonnie Henry Leisha Fleming Connect with Grenada School District! Mission Statement Grenada School District is dedicated to excellence so that each child reaches Active parent grenada ms maximum potential within a safe learning environment while providing a comprehensive educational program that fosters the academic, physical, social, and Active parent grenada ms article source of all students.

Vision Statement Education, Training, Dreams. Accessibility We are committed to making our website accessible to all visitors, including those with disabilities.

Simmons Middle School.

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Joel Hill jhill madison-schools. We are off and running with an exciting and fast-paced Spring Season!! Our singers will learn a wide Active parent grenada ms of choral repertoire from both standard accompanied and unaccompanied literature choices, as well as contemporary a cappella music.

Students, keep working! Questions or Feedback? Unique male weding rings.

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Review on conducted and submitted by: Team Leader: Tristi Nichols, Active parent grenada ms. Sarah Boeckmann sarah manitouinc. Kitts and Nevis in Though Grenada was also a participating country implementing the pilot preschool curriculum, the formative evaluation did not take into account any primary data observations or stakeholder interviews from this country.

This report details the results from a review of the HighScope Preschool Curriculum conducted September through November in Grenada.

Grenada, and Carriacou and Petit Martinique, are located in the Eastern Caribbean at the southern extremity of the Windward islands see figure 1. Among the many challenges that Small Island Developing States SIDS face, providing comprehensive services for both children and their parents has been identified as great need.

Therefore, the adaptation of the HighScope Curriculum, to enhance the teacher-child interaction, is that the Small Group Time includes engaging Active parent grenada ms half of the children at a time approximately one adult for eight childrenwhile Active parent grenada ms remaining eight children are invited to engage in free or semi-directed play.

In most cases the groups then switch so that all students are able https://dima.yoga/mask-fetish/blog-xxx-beaf-baf-hd.php take part in the small group activity. The other adaptation is the inclusion of the Devotion Time which is a culturally adapted element unique to the Caribbean context.

Gross enrolment ratio for both sexes for pre-primary education The contextual challenges impeding or supporting the sustainability of the effective implementation of the HighScope Curriculum is also reviewed.

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Therefore, this report provides: After data collection, the Manitou, Inc. The analysis of the quantitative and qualitative included: Between andover 57 different training Active parent grenada ms were provided to teachers, including Teachers in Charge, for professional development in the HighScope curriculum.

From late intoa total of 19 preschool teachers and ECD service providers were exposed to the curriculum which includes nine 9 teachers from the focus group and 10 from approximately eight 8 other schools. After this initial period of training, the remaining 53 schools received training. Parents, however, had limited expectations of Active parent grenada ms programme, and these perspectives likely reflect their little knowledge of the programme.

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A high number of teachers are also planning to Active parent grenada ms in the short-term, and there is no succession plan evident to offer training in the HighScope Curriculum to additional teachers. The strengths the HighScope Curriculum implemented in Grenada are notable.

However, the identified weaknesses Active parent grenada ms or will effectively limit the gains already achieved since They are: The transition from preschool to Kindergarten appears to have challenges. Another weakness identified was the limited understanding of the HighScope Curriculum of teachers from the subsequent teaching levels e. According to interviews with teachers at higher school levels, the skills that the HighScope Curriculum intends to build e.

This tracking system, starting from preschool, ought to be flexible yet sufficiently robust to facilitate long-term child planning and outcome assessment. However, such visit web page system requires a specific action plan with milestones and dates of partial execution in order Active parent grenada ms the vision to be realized.

Ideally, a system is only as good as the level of data that is uploaded. Thus, the key individuals Active parent grenada ms for data entry would be the preschool teachers under the supervision of the Teachers in Charge.

The system would be then be tailored to the specific needs of the teachers, parents, and Ministry of Education officials.

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Since there is no current electronic system, it is proposed to build one, using something called a Data Base Plus. Manitou, Inc. Further discussions about how to explore this Active parent grenada ms and the financial implications could be made in Kitts and Nevis.

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Although Grenada was also a participating country implementing the pilot preschool curriculum, the formative evaluation did not take into account any primary data observations or stakeholder interviews from this country. Presently, this report details the results of the review, undertaken from September through Novemberwhich had the purpose to examine: From September through November,a team from Manitou, Inc. The economic, social, and environmental vulnerabilities of Small Island Developing States SIDS have been documented at length, including their small size, remoteness, narrow resource and export base, and exposure to external economic shocks and global environmental challenges, such as climate change and more frequent and intense natural disasters.

The future we want, paragraph Active parent grenada ms There has been a call for the United Nations system to support SIDS in keeping with the multiple ongoing and emerging challenges faced by these Active parent grenada ms in achieving sustainable development. Pursuant to the Article 29 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child CRCall children have the right to an education that prepares them to be responsible adults. Learning Outcomes, and so are relevant in that they reflect outcomes valued by the region, and the countries where this curriculum has been piloted.

After better understanding these influences, it would also be important to know how to sustain the implementation of a child-directed programme, now that it is established.

Such questions will Active parent grenada ms the focus of this review, and the purpose, scope, and overall questions are check this out elaborated in the next section. Kitts and Nevis, even though Grenada was a participating country implementing the preschool curriculum. Notably, it is important to understand: Government of Grenada. Ministry of Education.

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Volume 1: The Strategic Framework, page 8. Located at: The formative evaluation notes multiple challenges that limit Active parent grenada ms effective and sustainable delivery of the HighScope Preschool Curriculum.

The text box below summarizes the main points. Without a systematic assessment system in place, Active parent grenada ms is not possible document comprehensively the contributions that the curriculum may have on short, medium or long term outcomes.

An important lesson was that the ideal assessment system ought to be flexible, not burdensome, and reasonably priced.

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Sourced from OECD T ABLE 1: What is the progress made so far, towards achieving the initial planned outputs and outcomes? What do Active parent grenada ms like or dislike? What do they want to change? What are the teachers and parents saying about the programme?

How has the HighScope programme enhanced the capacity of service providers, caregivers, and decision makers to support ECD in Grenada? What capacity gaps still exist, especially for working with children with disabilities?

What tools and processes are in place to support the measurement of child developmental progress, particularly for children with disabilities? How can those tools be improved? What capacity gaps exist in monitoring Active parent grenada ms evaluation? How has the programme increased the knowledge base regarding the effectiveness of ECD Hot amateur latina anal x videos in general?

Sustainability 1. What are the current strengths and weaknesses design, coordination, management and monitoring of the HighScope Curriculum Reform Programme? What factors support or inhibit sustainability and scale-up of ECD services?

How can opportunities for a more equity-focused implementation be maximized? How can general risks minimized? Before elaborating the methodology of the review, it is necessary to understand what is the HighScope Curriculum Reform Programme, including its components elaborated in annex 1.

To improve the learning environments and quality of developmental and educational programmes in a total of 13 preschool settings in Antigua and Barbuda, the Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, and St. Kitts and Nevis; 2. The funds concluded at the end of the calendar year. Country programme documentparagraph Basic programme elements are presented in annex 1. In Grenada, observations show that the class size and adult-child ratio has been augmented from the recommended one adult per eight children to one adult per children.

Given this change, the Small Group Time engages only Active parent grenada ms of the children at a time approximately one adult for eight childrenwhile the remaining eight children are invited to Active parent grenada ms in free or semi-directed play. This adaptation was developed in order to enhance the teacher-child interaction. Finally, the Active parent grenada ms Time is also an added segment, which is a culturally adapted element unique to the Caribbean context.

Moreover, teachers trained to deliver the HighScope Curriculum are expected to record notes on children's behaviors, experiences, and interests. Based on these careful and objective observations, the teachers can plan experiences that will facilitate children's growth and development. The observation notes are also intended to feed into Active parent grenada ms formal assessment system detailing each child's development.

Prior to the development of the new checklist, there was an existing record used to track child progress at the preschool level. Final Evaluative Report, page 2.

There were calls from teachers for a revised checklist, and the data from interviews with teachers indicates that there were instances of teachers going online and making their own revised checklists. As part of the development of the new checklist, the ECD unit conducted a wide range of consultations both within and outside of Grenada.

The Checklist was finalized in June ofand in July ofpreschool teachers were trained on how to work with this new tool. The Checklist was being distributed and printed during the assessment period and should be Active parent grenada ms in all schools by the end of October The Checklist can be found in annex 2.

Director of Community Services Lynne Russell says, “The Parent Center offers practical methods for parents to promote school readiness, involvement, and.

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Grenada School District. User Name. Password. Forgot Password?. Grenada School District Active Parent Active parent grenada ms Form https://ms dima.yoga Parent/Guardian Name: Address: City: State: Zip Code: Email: Phone: I. We invite parents and our community to come alongside us as partners in ActiveParent Login for SAM MS [email protected] v Gren/Grenada v Laf/Oxf v Laf. SAM. Grenada School District. Central Access. Boy licking girl fuck.

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